Incredible India !

Incredible India !

An informative post !

Quill & Parchment


I love India ! I love my country ! However it is, whatever it is, it’s my home. The land of Djinns, snake charmers and black magic. The land of beauty, culture and diversity. The land of kings, queens and palaces.

Here are some awesome inventions done by india:

Chess : chess also known as Chaturanga was invented in India during Gupta empire in the 6th century

Kabaddi: The game of kabaddi originated in India during prehistory. …

Ludo: Pachisi originated in India by the 6th century. …


Snakes and ladders: Snakes and ladders originated in India as a game based on morality.


Zero :The number system was invented in India. Aryabhatta invented Zero


University :India established world’s first university in Takshila in 700BC. Nalanda University was established in 4th century BC


Maths :Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry and Calculus originated from India Source:

Language :Most of the European languages are originated…

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Posted by on 23/10/2016 in Uncategorized


Photo challenge : Local

dsc05881_1My entry to the WordPress WPC : Local


Posted by on 18/10/2016 in Photography, Uncategorized


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Nature’s gift : Coconut

Coconut water..

  • Coconut Water is More Nutritious than whole milk – Less fat and NO cholesterol!
  • Coconut Water is More Healthy than Orange Juice – Much lower calories
  • Coconut Water is Better than processed baby milk- It contains lauric acid, which is present in human mother’s milk
  • Coconut water is naturally sterile — Water permeates though the filtering husk!
  • Coconut water is a universal donor– Its identical to human blood plasma
  • Coconut Water is a Natural Isotonic Beverage – The same level we have in our blood.
  • Coconut water has saved lives in 3rd world countries thru Coconut IV.
  • Coconut water is the very stuff of Nature, biologically Pure, full of Natural Sugars, Salts, and Vitamins to ward off fatigue… and is the next wave of energy drinks BUT natural!’, according to Mortin Satin, Chief of the United Nation’s Food Agriculture Organization.
  • Coconut water contains more potassium (at about 294 mg) than most sports drinks (117 mg) and most energy drinks..
  • Coconut water has less sodium (25mg) where sports drinks have around 41mg and energy drinks have about 200mg!
  • Coconut water has 5mg of Natural Sugars where sports and energy drinks range from 10-25mg of Altered Sugars.
  • Coconut water is very high in Chloride at 118mg; compared to sports drinks at about 39mg.
From the above facts, it is needless to say that from health point of view, the coconut water is better than any drink available in the market. It is also cheaper when compared to other drinks. Then what prevents us to change to the natural one and healthier one ?
(Data is based on 100ml drink)dsc04006_1



Posted by on 14/10/2016 in Nature, Uncategorized


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Happy Vijaya Dasami


Vijayadasami (Sanskrit: विजयदशमी) also known as Dussehra (Sanskrit: दशहरा) an important Hindu  festival celebrated in a variety of ways in India and abroad. Dasha Hara is a Sanskrit word which means removal of the following ten bad qualities (evils) within you:

  • Ahankara* (Ego)
  • Amanavta* (Cruelty)
  • Anyaaya* (Injustice)
  • Kama vasana* (Lust)
  • Krodha* (Anger)
  • Lobha* (Greed)
  • Mada* (Over Pride)
  • Matsara* (Jealousy)
  • Moha* (Attachment)
  • Swartha* (Selfishness)

Hence, also known as ’Vijaydashami’ signifying  ”Vijaya or Win” over these ten bad qualities (evils).

Happy Vijaya Dasami !!



Posted by on 11/10/2016 in Festival of India, Uncategorized


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Bonedi Barir Puja : Sabarna Ray Chaudhury, Barisha, Kolkata


Family Puja of Sabarna Raychaudhury, the Founder of Calcutta. Today the ” Aatchala Bari” still remains. It was built by Laksmikanta Gangopadhyay and Durga Puja started by him in the year 1610. Therefore this Puja is more than 400 years old.

The family of Sabarna Ray Chaudhury has been celebrating Durga Puja since 1610 in their ancestral home at Barisha, Kolkata. It is possibly the oldest organised festival in the Kolkata region. Today eight Durga Pujas are held by branches of the family. Out of these, six are at Barisha, the seventh is at Birati  while the eighth at Nimta. The Pujas held at Barisha are those of Aatchala, Baro Bari, Mejo Bari, Benaki Bari, Kalikingkar Bhawan and Majher Bari. The Pics are the Views of Aatchala Durga Puja of the family at Barisha of 2016.dsc05789-001
dsc05793Close up view of the idoldsc05795


The Sabarna Ray Chaudhury (সাবর্ণ রায় চৌধুরী) family were the Zamindar (superior landlords) of the then Calcutta area, prior to the arrival of the British.  On 10 November 1698, they transferred, by lease, their rights over the three villages – Sutanuti,  Kalikata  and  Gobindapur  –  to the East India Company.  The family is also known as Sabarna Choudhury (সাবর্ণ চৌধুরী ).

The origin is traced back in the 10th Century CE, when Adisura brought five Brahmins to Bengal. Vedagarba was one of them and is regarded as the first in the genealogy of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury Family.

Panchanan Gangopadhyay (Panchu Sakti khan) of the family acquired the Khan title from the Mughal Emperor Humayun in the sixteenth century, for his bravery as a cavalry in charge of Pathan soldiers. Around the middle of that century he constructed a palace at a place which came to be known as Haveli Sahar or Halisahar. It was from Halisahar that the family spread far and wide, including, to UttarparaBiratiBarisha and Kheput

Lakhsmikanta Gangopadhyay alias Laksmikanta Roy Choudhury (the son of Jia Gangopadhyay later known as Saint Kamadeva Brahmachari) was given jagirdari of a vast tract of land by Raja Man Singh, in 1608. Along with the Jaigir he was given the title of ‘Ray’ and ‘Choudhury’ which later became the surname of his descendants.


The three villages of Sutanuti, Govindapur and Kalikata were part of a khas mahal or imperial jagir or an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor himself, whose jagirdari rights were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family. The British settlement was surrounded by thirty-eight villages held by others. Although in 1717, the British East India Company was permitted by the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar to rent or acquire zamindari rights in them, it was unable to procure the land from the zamindars or local landlords.

Even the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family was not keen to allow the British to settle or do trading on these villages, but the British had paid a bribe at the Mughal Durbar to ensure that the deal did not fail. Just prior to their move to Barisha, the Roy Choudhury family had to transfer their rights over Kalikata in 1698, to the East India Company much against their wishes and protests.

The British ultimately got The ‘Right to Rent’ or lease of three villages for an annual rent of Rs. 1,300. The deed was in Persian. A copy of the deed is kept in the  Sabarna  Sangrahashala at  Barish, Kolkata.


The ‘Sabarna Roy Choudhury Paribar Parishad’, the supreme family organisation and nine other intellectuals of the city filed a public interest litigation before the Kolkata High Court in 2001 demanding a probe into the matter whether Job Charnock can be regarded as the founder of Kolkata. The Court, upon an Expert Committee finding, declared on 16 May 2003, that Job Charnock of East India Company, cannot be regarded as the founder of the city and 24th August also cannot be considered as the city’s birthday.

 Read other stories of “Bonedi Bari” here.

Source : Facts & figures from internet. 

Image credit & Copyright © anil c. mandal 2016, all rights reserved


Posted by on 08/10/2016 in Calcutta, History, Uncategorized


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Nostalgia Venezia

WPC : Nostalgia


Posted by on 01/10/2016 in Photography, Uncategorized


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Happy Ganesh Chaturthi

20160727_123658-1C Celebration of Ganesh Chaturthi, a Hindu festival of India, commenced today. May Lord Ganesh bless you with joy, prosperity and peace.

The painting of Little Ganesh sitting on mother’s lap is tried by me, following the style of Jamini Roy, the great painter of Bengal, India.

To know more about Ganesh (or Ganesha) read here


Posted by on 05/09/2016 in Art, Uncategorized


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