Syama Prasad & Partition of British Bengal

14 May

syama prasad mukherjee

Partition (of a country or a province) always comes with  endless pain to the affected people of that land but the partition  for which Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee fought and succeeded, brought smile and relief to the majority population there. It is the tale of the partition of British Bengal. But today nobody remembers him as a great leader nor as a martyr nor as a savior of Hindus (from the clutches of Muslim League) except a political party that is BJP (foremerly Jana Sangha founded by him).  He is the architect of partition of “Bengal” province and creation of West Bengal, where we are proudly leaving today as a citizen of India. Had he not fought for this, we would have been in Bangladesh today. This is a very important piece of Historical information, we should all know.

 Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee was born on 6 July 1901 in Calcutta (Kolkata). His father was Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, a judge of the High Court of Judicature at Fort William, Bengal, who was also Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta. His mother was Lady Jogamaya Devi Mukherjee.

Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee was an ardent believer in the integrity of the country, but when he understood that the partition of India had become imminent and the emergence of Pakistan inevitable, he joined hands with similar minded leaders in demanding a partition of “Bengal” Province using the same logic as applied to the rest of India. In 1947, British Bengal Province was partitioned along religious lines. The Hindu dominated western part of British Bengal Province became the Indian state named as West Bengal. And the Eastern part of Bengal Province, joined to Pakistan as a province called East Bengal. Later it was renamed as East Pakistan, giving rise to independent Bangladesh in 1971.

At the time of partition of India, had Syama Prasad not raised this demand, the whole Bengal and Punjab provinces would have gone to Pakistan. West Bengal would have gone East Pakistan and there would have been no trace of Bengal and Punjab in India.  Can you imagine what would have be the fate of Hindus in a Muslim country like Pakistan? In Pakistan what is happening today, all we know from the media. Even in Bangladesh Hindus are not safe, in the broad day light Hindus being attacked and killed.

Dr. Syama Prasad  Mookerjee saved million of Hindus (Mostly Bengalis) of this part of India from the clutches of the Muslim League and remained with the Indian Union.

It is painful to see that nobody remembers Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherji today except his political party which was formed by him. Since he worked for the Hindus, objected for Kashmir’s special status and founded a political party with those lines, he is not a popular leader to the other political parties and their Governments. Thus he has no place in in the School level text / History Books. In vote bank politics today political parties (except BJP) are afraid to acknowledges his thinking, principles and works for the Hindu causes in his short life.

(His vision for Kashmir was very clear and was dead against the special status of Kashmir  This part will be posted in a separate post )


Posted by on 14/05/2016 in Indian History, Uncategorized


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18 responses to “Syama Prasad & Partition of British Bengal

  1. Mick Canning

    14/05/2016 at 10:36 PM

    I wasn’t aware of most of that. Anil. Although this is just off of the top of my head, I do wonder if Bangladesh might have been a more prosperous country if it had incorporated the whole of Bengal?

    • Anil

      15/05/2016 at 8:46 PM

      Thanks Mick, for your comments. Most of us in our generation, we didn’t know this fact bcoz it happened before our birth, and not read in school history books. Yes it would have been a set back for India and this part of Bengal but Bangladesh might have been more prosperous, that’s what Muslim League wanted.

      • Mick Canning

        15/05/2016 at 8:49 PM

        I huge set back for India. Instead of all the refugees flooding into Calcutta, I suppose they would have been pouring into Bihar, which would have really struggled to cope with them. And it would have lost the Siliguri / Darjeeling corridor to the N.E.States.

      • Anil

        15/05/2016 at 8:57 PM

        Scenario would have been completely different.

  2. SueT唐 梦 琇

    15/05/2016 at 2:58 AM

    What an interesting post. A very good history lesson for me as I didn’t know this.

    • Anil

      15/05/2016 at 8:49 PM

      Thanks for reading the post! In deed its a small piece of Indian history which were not known to most of us becoz this was not included in the text/ history books.

  3. Mithai Mumblezz

    31/05/2016 at 11:06 PM

    I had read about him in an article. He’s a great man. I also read that he died in Kashmir……I guess maybe it was a conspiracy due to his strong involvement in bringing Kashmir under India’s control.
    Thanking for sharing this article, it makes us feel proud for being an Indian.

    • Anil

      01/06/2016 at 9:48 PM

      yeah, that conspiracy will be my another post. Back to history ! 🙂

  4. monikasbeautifulhome

    01/06/2016 at 3:53 PM

    An interesting post!
    Liebe Gruesse Monika

  5. oldpoet56

    16/06/2016 at 8:43 AM

    Excellent piece, you educated me on a man that I did not know of.

    • Anil

      16/06/2016 at 2:37 PM

      Thank you so much for reading the post!

  6. oldpoet56

    16/06/2016 at 8:43 AM

    • Anil

      16/06/2016 at 2:36 PM

      Thank you for reblogging!

  7. Amar Bhowmik

    23/06/2016 at 7:57 PM

    Thank you so much for one of the most important informations that the generations from 1947 must know. We all owe our safe existence today to the great leader Shyama Prasad Mukherjee. It is unfortunate that he has been known as a Hindu radical leader. And no political party or the successive governments did nothing to highlight and apprise people about this great son of Bengal. About his contribution to prevent the inclusion of West Bengal with Pakistan. If B J P thinks that Shyama Prasad has been forgotten then it is their responsibility to make the country know who he was. And while doing this they must take care to portray him as a Hindu leader only and a campaigner of so called Hindu Rastra. Today’s generation has hardly any interest in that whatever the champions of the slogan may think.

    • Anil

      23/06/2016 at 8:11 PM

      I am really very much thankful to you for liking and understanding the purpose of the post. We expect at-least BJP should come forward to make people of India know about this great son of Bengal. But no political party will dare to highlight a Hindu leader who faught for Hindu causes, just for the Vote Bank politics. Anyway I am happy if next gen read this post and know about him. Thank you, once again!

  8. Indranil Majumder

    04/01/2017 at 4:36 PM

    He was a great person with kind heart and broad mind.He also served as a good vice-chancellor of calcutta University at a young age after the demise of his father ‘Banglar Bagh’ Sir Asutosh Mukherjee. But with grief I can say that many of the authors,intellectuals and as well as Politicians know a very little about him specially his contribution towards the formation of the state of West Bengal. We specially the Bengalis should worship him as ‘the Founder of West Bengal.’

  9. Anil

    04/01/2017 at 8:42 PM

    I fully agree with you! He was great son of India. I have tried to write a small post just to grow awareness among today’s generation. Such a personality has no place in the school text books, that’s is too much of politics.
    Thanks for your visit and valued comments.


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